Nautilus Social Conditions Survey: In their own words – maritime workers on what life onboard is really like
全球海事行业有 160 万工人参与其中。(1.6million workers engaging across the maritime industry globally.）
海员认为他们的工作在疫情期间没有得到充分认可。(Seafarers do not feel their work was adequately recognised during the pandemic.)
The Nautilus International Social Conditions Survey is a decades-long research project that lifts the lid on how seafarers are treated in the maritime workplace – in the words of Nautilus members themselves.
Covid-19 has exposed the fragility of the global economy in responding to an event that was unexpected and rapidly engulfed the world. It has exposed the weaknesses in the governance, structure and regulation of the shipping industry.
海员是这场危机中的众多英雄之一。透过已踏入第三个十年的 Nautilus International社会状况调查，工会正聆听及了解海事专业人士的意见。成员们有机会讲述他们在疫情之前、期间和之后遇到的危机。
Seafarers are among the many heroes in this crisis. Through the Nautilus International Social Conditions Survey, now in its third decade, the Union is listening to maritime professionals and learning from them. It is an opportunity for members to tell their story about the precarious situations they have encountered before, during and after the pandemic.
The survey was completed by 1,623 union members, compared with just under 1,200 members in 2010. Some 94% of those who completed the survey were male and 6% were female. The 2021 survey gathers data from a wider range of ranks and job roles than the 2010 survey, with 73% of respondents working as ship’s officers (including masters and chief engineers) compared with 85% in 2010.
Despite many countries focusing on returning to normality, four out of five (81%) seafarers felt that the pandemic will have a long-term impact on the sector. This suggests that a greater emphasis is needed on long-term planning for the recovery of the industry than we have seen to date.
Worryingly, more than half of seafarers (54%) said that the crew change crisis has impacted how they feel about working in the maritime industry, a deeply concerning figure at a time when the retention of skilled and experienced professionals in the maritime workforce is more important than ever.
Results confirm that despite being hugely impacted by the pandemic, seafarers do not feel that their work was adequately recognised. This has led to many changing their view on how they feel about their careers.
Just 6% of respondents were not affected in some way by the 2020 pandemic, with a majority (53%) saying that they were ‘highly’ or ‘very’ impacted.
However, despite this impact and the sacrifices made by Nautilus members, just 6% thought that the work of seafarers as key workers was ‘widely recognised’ and a further 21% thought that it was ‘somewhat recognised’. Almost three quarters of seafarers (73%) thought that their efforts were ‘not at all recognised’ (29%) or recognised only by those in the maritime industry (44%).
Despite their efforts in keeping global trade moving through the most difficult period in recent history, maritime professionals were left brutally exposed by the international response to Covid-19.
为防疫而采取的政策措施，未有重视海员在全球经济中发挥的关键作用。随着边境封闭和上岸休假被取消，国际运输工人联盟（ITF）估计，一度有多达 40 万名海员合约期满后仍被困在海上，强制劳役指控不胫而走。
Measures introduced to prevent the disease spreading failed to appreciate the crucial role that seafarers play in the global economy. With borders closed and shore leave cancelled, the International Transport Workers’ Federation (ITF) estimated that at one point up to 400,000 seafarers were trapped at sea beyond their contractual obligations, leading to accusations of enforced servitude.
Conditions onboard rapidly deteriorated for many. Medical care was scarce and only available for the most extreme cases, which added to the physical and mental strain. Reports of suicides and attempted suicides shot up.
还有更多海员无法上船工作，又往往无法受惠于如其他工种工人的经济援助。Countless other seafarers were left out of work and often unable to access the kind of financial support from which other workers have benefited.
Seafarers played a critical role in keeping global supply chains open during the pandemic, but their efforts were too often unappreciated. While people gathered to celebrate key workers, it was rare to hear the work of seafarers commended alongside that of doctors, nurses, delivery drivers and shop workers.
Seafarers’ unions and maritime employers, along with many international organisations, have worked tirelessly to ensure that the professional dedication of our seafarers is recognised.
摘文: https://www.nautilusint.org/en/news-insight/telegraph/nautilus-social-conditions-survey-in-their-own-words-maritime-workers-on-what-life-onboard-is-really-like/ 、 https://www.nautilusint.org/en/news-insight/telegraph/nautilus-social-conditions-survey-in-their-own-words-maritime-workers-on-what-life-onboard-is-really-like/